Reminder: Special Joint Arts Council/Historical Society Program January 20

Beyond Flour and Sugar” – Wheeling Gaunt’ story, including music and the the unveiling of a bust of Gaunt.

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1896 Giveaway — Tables of Weights and Measures

[The covers are shown here, pages 1-4  here, pages 5-8 here and pages 9-11 here]

These were probably some of the most useful pages in the little pocket-size advertising giveaway pamphlet, in an era far before the ease of consulting one’s smart phone.

How many of these are still in use (for example, does anyone measure by the rood now)? How many would Wheeling Gaunt have used?


















12 inches are 1 foot; 3 feet are 1 yard; 2 yards are 1 fathom; 16-1/2 feet are 1 rod; 4 rods are 1 chain; 10 chains are 1 furlong; 8 furlongs aer 1 mile; 3 miles are 1 league.

7.92 inches are 1 link; 25 links are 1 rod; 4 rods are 1 chain; 80 chains are 1 mile.

A mile equals 5,280 feet. A cubit equals 2 feet. A pace equals 3 feet. A palm equals 3 inches. A hand equals 4 inches. A span equals 10-7/8 inches.

4 x 4 x 4-1/4 inches . . . . . 1 quart
8 x 8 x 8-1/2 inches . . . . . . 1 peck
26 x 15-1/2 x 8 inches . . . . 1 bushel
24 x 16 x 28 inches . . . . . 1 barrel

A cubic foot has 1,728 cubic inches.
An ale gallon has 282 cubic inches.
A wine gallon has 231 cubic inches.
A dry gallon has 268 8-10 cubic inches.
A cord of wood has 128 cubic feet.
A ton of round timber has 40 cubic feet.
A ton of hewn timber has 50 cubic feet.
A pile of wood 4 feet high, 4 feet broad and 8 feet long makes one cord.
A bushel has 2,150 cubic inches.


144 square inches are 1 square foot.’
9 square feet are 1 square yard.
30-1/4 square yards are 1 square rod.
40 square rods are 1 square rood.
4 square roods are 1 square acre.
640 square acres are 1 square mile.

4 gills are 1 pint; 2 pints are 1 quart; 4 quarts are 1 gallon; 31-1/2 gallons are 1 barrel; 63 gallons are 1 hogshead.

2 pints are 1 quart; 8 quarts are 1 peck; 4 pecks are 1 bushel.

24 grains are 1 pennyweight; 20 pennyweights are 1 ounce; 12 ounces 1 pound.

16 drams are 1 ounce; 16 ounces 1 pound; 25 pounds are 1 quarter; 4 quarters are 1 hundred-weight; 20 hundred-weight are 1 ton.

20 grrains are 1 scruple; 3 scruples are 1 dram; 8 drams are 1 ounce; 12 ounces are 1 pound.
A barrel of rice weighs 600 pounds.
A barrel of flour weighs 196 pounds.
A barrel of pork weighs 200 pounds.
A firkin of butter weighs 56 pounds.

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1910s Cemetery Book — Pages 18 and 19

Page 18 has a most notable entry: that of Denman Duncan, subject of previous posts (here, here, here and here) due to the scandalous nature of his death.

The terminology of many of the causes of death are still in use today, but “nervous prostration” seems like an historical artifact. One curiosity about these pages is that there seem to be no causes of death associated with World War I or even the massive flu epidemic of the same time.

The index to all pages can be found here.

Page 18











Page 19

Page 18
September 16, 1915 — Denman C. Duncan — murdered with hatchet — Yellow Springs, Ohio
September 22, 1915 — Babe of Babers — Insufficiency — Yellow Springs, Ohio
September 27, 1915 — Edward C. Waite — Entero Colitis — Yellow Springs, Ohio
October 14, 1915 — Hortense Hardy Williams — Premature birth — Yellow Springs, Ohio
November 1, 1915 — John Raymond Higby — Acute pleurisy — Springfield, Ohio
November 4, 1915 — Arthur T. Tulleys — Cardiac asthemia — Near Yellow Springs, Ohio
November 18, 1915 — Mary C. Coster — Nervous prostration Entermiat[?] — East of Dayton, Ohio
November 22, 1915 — Rosa Crouse — Carcinoma uteris — Yellow Springs, Ohio
December 2, 1915 — Lewis Childs — Chronic bronchitis — Yellow Springs, Ohio
December 7, 1915 — Amanda McCauley — Obstruction of gall duct — Near Goes, Ohio
December 16, 1915 — Mary Elizabeth Beckwith — Senile Arterio-Schlerosis — Yellow Springs, Ohio
December 19, 1915 — No name, infant of Mr. & Mrs. Lou Jones — Stillborn — Near Yellow Springs, Ohio

Page 19
January 1, 1916 — Nathan Broady — Mitral regurgitation — Springfield, Ohio
January 17, 1916 — Clarence Johnson — Tuberculosis of lungs — Near Yellow Springs, Ohio
January 24, 1916 — Henry H. Portman — Bronchial pneumonia — Near Yellow Springs, Ohio
January 25, 1916 — Roxie E. Kershner — Gastric Ulcer — Enon, Ohio
January 26, 1916 — Adaline Broady — Acute pneumonia — Yellow Springs, Ohio
January 28, 1916 — Marion F. Cowers — Uremic Coma — Dayton, Ohio
January 31, 1916 — Chas Shaw — Carcinoma of Bladder — Springfield, Ohio
February 3, 1916 — Cornelia J. Hirst — Cerebral Hemorrhage — Yellow Springs, Ohio
February 7, 1916 — Thomas B. Jobe — Cerebral Hemorrhage — Yellow Springs, Ohio
February 7, 1916 — Babe of Newby & wife — premature — Near Yellow Springs, Ohio
March 22, 1916 — Caroline Lewis — Infirmities of age — Yellow Springs, Ohio
April 3, 1916 — Daisy Maud Reinwahl — Cancer uterine carcinoma — Yellow Springs, Ohio
April 5, 1916 — Martha Cloud — Brights disease — Chelsea, Mich.

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Joint YSAC/Historical Society Program January 20

An evening of Art and History

Presented by the YS Arts Council and the YS Historical Society

Hosted by Antioch University Midwest

January 20th, 6-9 p.m.

Beyond Flour and Sugar”

The Wheeling Gaunt Legacy


Yellow Springs In the Civil War Era

6-7 p.m. Heartstrings” will play Civil War tunes

In the AUM Gallery-New Work from the Permanent Collection

By artists: Robin Zimmerman, Catherine Lehman, Karen Shirley, Parviz Dadras, John Ford, Katherine Kaddish, Holly Underwood, Roger Smith, Tom Verdon, Libby Rudolf and Mary J. Cargen

Self Guided Tours of the Permanent Collection

The Permanent Collection represents the artistic heritage

of the Village of Yellow Springs. 173 pieces of Art, including photographs, oil, acrylic, and watercolor paintings, textiles, pottery, jewelry, books, pastels, wood, mixed media, paper maché, collage, and sculpture have been acquired by donations from artists and collectors. The collection also includes digital archives of: music, storytelling, interviews, and cultural events

6:15 p.m. New work for the Permanent Collection

Unveiling of Bust of Wheeling Gaunt

Sculptor Brian Maughan will be available for questions

7:30 HistoricalTalks

Dave Neuhardt-”Yellow Springs In The Civil War Era”

Steven Deal “Wheeling Gaunt”

Generosity, Compassion, and Activism

Those 3 words exemplify the spirit of a man, and the spirit of a small Ohio village named Yellow Springs.

Public Art can be the face of a place and a reminder to our children of who we are. It can become beloved. We have a dream of a full size Bronze Statue of Wheeling Gaunt at an entrance to Yellow Springs. January 20th will mark the beginning of the Gaunt Bronze Adventure. We need 10 people to become the steering committee and see the project to fruition. If you are interested or want more information, please contact or sign the list on the 20th.

Wheeling Gaunt portrait

Wheeling Gaunt was a human being with the courage, patience and strength to make change happen in a hurting world.

Starting life as a slave in Kentucky, Wheeling at four watched as his mother was sold off. He never saw her again. Wheeling was allowed to work outside the plantation to earn a little money, through hard work, frugality and tenacity, he managed to save $900. With that money he purchased his freedom. Later, he was able to buy his wife and a young man named Nick. In the middle of the 1860s he moved his family to Yellow Springs, Ohio. Once here, he quietly became the most influential and respected Black Philanthropist in Ohio.

Why did Mr. Gaunt choose Yellow Springs?

Come join us on January 20th for an evening of Local Art and History.

Refreshments will be served.

Antioch University Midwest (AUM) is located at 900 Dayton St., Yellow Springs

The majority of the Permanent Collection can normally be viewed during AUM’s General operating hours Monday-Friday, 8:30-5 p.m. And Saturday from 8:30-3 p.m.


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From the Antioch Bookplate Archives – 1970s part 6

B-99 – “Buffalo Hunting” Reproduced from an adventure/travel magazine of 1876

B-101 – Photographic still life of food (experinent to see if there might be a market for cookbook bookplates)

B-102Audubon’s 1845 study of the Lazuli Finch

M-795 – “Vitruian Man” by Leonardo da Vinci


Antioch Bookplate B-99


Antioch Bookplate B-100


Antioch Bookplate B-101


Antioch Bookplate B-102


Antioch Bookplate B-104


Antioch Bookplate M[-795


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Happy New Year

May 2017 be a gem in the history of Yellow Springs

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The Class of 1942 Predicts…

The turn of the year is a traditional marker of the passage of time, so it seems appropriate to share the first page of another tradition of high school annuals past: the class prophecy. Did the members of the class of 1942 ever compare the Bryannual prophecy to what really came to pass for the members of their class?


The time is May 22, 1952. The place is a cellar room in the Swanky Country Club, located just outside the thriving metropolis of Yellow Springs, Ohio. As two successful businessmen enter, one says, “Well, Jack, let’s get the game started. The little woman expects me early tonight.”

The other man nods his head, plunges his hand deep into his pocket, and produces a pair of dice. “You know, Jack,” he declares, “I’ll wager we’re the only schoolmates in the class of’ ’42 who see each other regularly every month.”

“Yes,” replies the other, “and if it weren’t for this grand old habit, we’d probably have forgotten each other long ago. I certainly do enjoy meeting you here every month and taking you for a week’s wages.”

“Ha!” cries the Jack with the dice, “Yes, but you were only lucky last month.” Then, getting on his knees he continues, “But pure skill will tell this time. Yes, you guessed it, Semler & Shook at it yet!

As the game progresses and the competition becomes more heated, the silver coins and bills piling first at the knees of Semler, then at Shook’s. Mr. Semler comes forth with what he believes is a tremendously appropriate idea:

“Shookie,” he said, “we’re not getting any place. I can’t seem to get you, and you certainly aren’t taking me. I’ve got to go, so let’s make an agreement.”

“That all depends,” replies Jack, ‘You’ve never made an agreement with me but that you got the best deal.”

“But this is fair enough. We were talking of the class of ’42 a while ago, remember? Well, let’s agree that at the end of five minutes the one of us which is losing must look up all the living members of the class, get a picture of them, and find out what they’re doing now.”

Mr. Shook is a little skeptical about the whole idea, but nevertheless he has his reputation as a gambler to think of, so he half heartily agrees. At the end of five minutes Shookie has regained his losings and both men are exactly even. They decide to forget the game, but not the bet. The idea has grown on them and the more they think about it the more interested each becomes. So, before they depart, they decide to devote two months each of their valuable time, to the project—giving up next month’s meeting—and meet mere at the end of that time.

Tempus fugit: it is two months later, July 22, 1952, and our gambling business man and our gambler are deep in conversation in their cozy little cellar room at the Swanky Country Club. The wicker chairs are side by side, and lights are bright over their shoulders.

Mr. Semler speaks, taking from his briefcase a picture of four young ladies sitting around a table.

“Well, Jack, here’s the first one. Do you recognize them?”

“Certainly I recognize them. They’re—that’s Barbara Figgins, there; and that’s Lois Buchanan—this–a–ah–oh yes, Grace: Grace Fitzgerald. (gosh, she looks different.) And Mary James. But how did you get them all together?

“They were at a tea,” explains Jack Semler. “You see, they’re all married now, and Babby was giving a tea in honor of Grace’s 8th anniversary. Now that’s something to celebrate, I’d say.”

Mr. Semler lays the picture down and Mr. Shook hands him one which he takes from the table beside him. Here’s a couple of fellows you might be interested in,” he says.

Semler looks at the picture closely. “Who are they?” He questions wonderingly. “We never had anyone in the class of ’42 as this man behind the desk. And this other fellow—ah, he does look familiar—but–er–What’s the set-up here, Jack.”

“Well, I took this picture in Elton Armont’s law office. He always wanted to be a lawyer, remember? The other fellow here, whom you seem to recognize, is Dick Kershner! He was trying to get Elton’s help in dreaming up some grounds for a divorce.”

“Ho! exclaims Semler. “That’s not so amazing; I remember he was a bit hard to get along with way back when. What’s he doing now?”
“He’s a farmer—guess he doesn’t know he can’t be drafted now! They both live in New York State. Elton’s married and lives in New York City, and Dick has a sizeable farm just outside the city.”

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Joy of the Season to You and Yours

The Yellow Springs Historical Society wishes for all peace, health and plenty.

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Why They Came — Pages 18 – 21

[Special Note: Wheeling Gaunt makes an appearance in this set of pages, serendipitous timing because of his association with a special holiday bequest.]

(Previous entries here, here, here and here.)

Page 18

Page 19

Page 20

Page 21


Page 18

Moncure Conway, abolitionist son of a Virginia slave-owner, made dramatic history in 1862. While the outcome of the Civil War was still in the balance, he set free his father’s slaves and arranged to transport them by train to Yellow Springs. His decision was apparently the result of his acquaintance with Horace Mann. In his autobiography, Conway describes the elation of the negroes when at last they passed the station on the dividing line between slave and free states, where “the shadow of slavery ended.”

The Grinnell Mill, right, featured in the story. It was offered as shelter for the group that Conway set free. Eliza and Dunmore Gwynn (portrait above) lived for many years in “Conway House,” above, right. Its foundations can still be seen, off Grinnell Road halfway down to the Mill.

Elisha Mills’ summer house at the spring was bought by William Neff and became the first resort hotel. It flourished until 1870, when the second “Neff House,” a huge four-story building, was built on the same site.Its front veranda is shown in the remarkable photo on the following page.

Page 19

At left is shown Yellow Springs’ first railroad station, now Linkhart’s Elevator which served until 1874 when the present station was built.

Wheeling Gaunt, shown at right, a slave who bought his freedom and worked in Yellow Springs to earn a substantial estate, bequeathed to the town the tract which was recently made into a park and includes the Swimming Pool and Little League ball park.

Page 20

During the heyday of the second Neff House, as many as eighteen trainloads of people would arrive in Yellow Springs on Sundays. In some cases so many trains came that the empty coaches had to be taken to Springfield for want of siding capacity.

It is remembered that up to five thousand people were in the Glen at one time. Below is an early picture of the Yellow Spring, taken about 1890, and at right is Pompey’s Pillar, familiar scenic spot in the Glen, and below, a view of the lake in Neff Park.

Lower right is a reproduction of a tintype taken in 1874 showing a group of Antioch students at the railroad station, preparing for a picnic at Fort Ancient.

Page 21

Daniel Long (shown at left with Mrs. Long) was Antioch’s seventh president, the first southerner to serve as president of a northern college after the Civil War. He served from 1883 to 1899.

Tea parties were the accepted fashion of entertaining in the eighties. In the photo above are the McClure twins. The hostess (second from left) was the stepdaughter of Judge Mills.

An ambitious project for a small community, the “Opera House,” left, was built in 1890 and served as a center of entertainment, civic and cultural activities ever since.

Below is a view of the Antioch campus just before the turn of the century.

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1896 Giveaway — Pages 9-11

[The covers are shown here, pages 1-4  here and pages 5-8 here]

Although seemingly straightforward, the list of Ohio’s governors has a few curiosities. Who was two-time governor Return J. Meigs, Jr., and where did he get that first name? Why did the term start date switch from even-numbered years to odd (and when/why did it change back again)?












Edward Tiffin . . . . . . . 1803
Return J. Meigs, Jr. . . . .1807
Samuel Huntington . . . . . 1808
Return J. Meigs, Jr. . . . .1810
Thomas Worthington . . . . .1814
Ethan A. Brown . . . . . . .1818
Jeremiah Morrow . . . . . . 1822
Allen Trimble . . . . . . . 1826
Duncan McArthur . . . . . . 1830
Robert Lucas . . . . . . . 1832
Joseph Vance . . . . . . . .1836
Wilson Shannon . . . . . . .1838
Thomas Corwin . . . . . . . 1840
Wilson Shannon . . . . . . .1842
Mordecai Bartley . . . . . .1844
William Webb . . . . . . . .1846
Seabury Ford . . . . . . . .1848
Reuben Wood . . . . . . . . 1850
William Medill . . . . . . .1853
S. P. Chase . . . . . . . . 1855
William Dennison . . . . . .1859
David Todd . . . . . . . . .1861
John Brough . . . . . . . . 1863
John D. Cox . . . . . . . . 1865
R. B. Hayes . . . .. . . . .1867
Edward F. Noyes . . . . . . 1871
William Allen . . . . . . . 1873
R. B. Hayes . . . .. . . . .1875
Richard M. Bishop . . . . . 1877
Charles Foster . . . . . . .1879
George Hoadley . . . . . . .1883
Joseph B. Foraker . . . . . 1885
James E. Campbell . . . . . 1889
Wm. McKinley, Jr. . . . . . 1891
Asa Bushnell . . . . . . . .1895

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