Buster [Non-] Postcard

Today, for the most part, postcards are mass-produced souvenir items, but earlier postcards could be personally produced by professional photographers.

Shortly after the program “Extracting Fact from Fiction: the Search for Garrett Buster,” sponsored by the Yellow Springs Historical Society and given on September 24, 2013 (with a video link here), Dave Neuhardt came across a photograph postcard of a certain “G. Buster.”

According to Dave, “As you’ll note from the photo of the back, there is a 2 cent revenue tax stamp, which means the photo cost 25 cents or less.  The photographer was supposed to write the date on the tax stamp and cancel it when he affixed it to the photo, but Mr. Martin didn’t take the time to do anything but affix the “x”—but since the tax was only levied between June 30, 1864 and August 1866, we can at least narrow down the date to somewhere between those two dates. . .I think this is likely the son of Garret Buster the former slave (rather than Garret himself), but that is just me guessing at ages.”

And upon seeing this post, Dave added this correction: “. . . this was very much not a postcard.  This was a photograph format generally referred to as “carte de visite” (visiting card), and is roughly the size of a visiting card with your name on it (today’s business card) and was initially intended to be a personalized “modern” form of a visiting card you’d leave when visiting someone at their home.  The format was extremely popular during the Civil War and a few years after because it was cheap—you could get many copies for $1.00–but these were never intended to be mailed.  In fact, true postcards didn’t become popular until around 1898 when the postal rules were changed to permit private printing of postcards.”

Additional information provided by Mike Dennis via Robin Heise:

” It isn’t conclusive, but based on Garret’s family, the only child he would have had with a ‘G’ initial in 1866 was Greene, born about 1840.  He’s the one who married Mildred Johnson in 1865 while he was still in the Army.  In Brighter Son, he and Mildred, on their way to Ohio, supposedly stopped at the Elijah Harlan house, where they learned that Sarah (Buster) Cecil had died during the war.  Here is their gravestone which I believe is in the Odd Fellows Cemetery, in Wilmington.  They of course, were the parents of Green Berry Buster, who wrote Brighter Son


So I think the YSHS can conclude based on what evidence we have, that the photo is of Greene, Garret and Sophia’s son.”



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From the Antioch Bookplate Archives — 1930s/1940s part 18 (Final)

This last group of designs introduced in the 1930s and 1940s includes several reworkings of older designs.

The text for F-685 was used in Mercury Series Y-4 and Sepia Series X-21 in the Antioch Bookplate catalogs, but the first instance of its use was in 1820.

G-9, with a quote by Emilie Poulsson, is a reworking of Rustcraft design R-67.

The red ornament on M-83 is a Socialist emblem, and the text is taken from a Ralph Chaplin poem, “Mourn Not the Dead.”

According to a note by Ernest Morgan, M-99 (also sold as D-11) was “Drawn, and formerly published by, the late Franklin Bittner.”

Antioch bookplate F-682

F-682, by Elsie Hassan

Antioch bookplate F-685


Antioch bookplate G-3


Antioch bookplate G-9

G-9 (formerly R-67)

Antioch bookplate M-83


Antioch bookplate M-99 or D-11

M-99 or D-11





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A Different Kind of Memorial

Usually when one thinks of memorials, one thinks of statues, plaques or other architectural elements, but sometimes a different kind of memorial best serves to commemorate the person so honored.

In 1978 Paula A. Treichler, Joan Patchen and Cary Nelson compiled a special cookbook to commemorate Paula’s father Paul Treichler. Treichler was noted, besides his accomplishments in Antioch’s drama department, for his extraordinary hospitality. The Treichler Memorial Cookbook includes some of his most memorable recipes (special martini included!) and reminiscences of family and acquaintances.

The image in this post is of the back cover and suffers in scan quality because the ink has partially rubbed off the rough texture of the cover stock. A transcript follows


Dinner Menu

Guest Executive Chef: Paul Treichler, Professor of Drama Emeritus

Minestrone with pesto

Spanish cannelones

Green Peas

Lettuce and artichoke hearts

Rector’s Italian Dressing

Rolls                        Butter

Vanilla Roll with Whipped Cream

Coffee                         Tea

The Antioch Inn is the setting once again for the second in a series of dinners to celebrate the community of Yellow Springs and Antioch College. The occasion will provide a forum for a conversation among Antioch’s President William Birenbaum, Paul Treichler and Arthur Lithgow, in which guests may participate.

The topic for the occasion is theatre, not unexpectedly, given the nature of the experience and expertise of the participants. Paul Treichler, Professor of Drama, Emeritus, represents the long tradition of theatre excellence at Antioch. On the faculty from 1934 – 70 as Professor of Theatre and Literature, Paul developed the Antioch Area Theatre, had three of his own plays produced and saw numerous articles published on different aspects of the theatre.

Arthur Lithgow, Visiting Professor of Theatre at the University of South Florida, graduated from Antioch in 1938. As an undergraduate he helped found the Antioch Summer Theatre. Most notably Arthur is remembered as managing director of the Shakepeare Festival that distinguished the Yellow Springs campus in the 1950’s.

Bon Appétit

The invitation art was reproduced from an Antioch Tea Room wall mural painted by Ann Parker*, circa 1939.

*Ann Parker’s bookplate design was shown in a previous post.

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Service Changes

Service stations these days get attention mostly because of fluctuating gas prices, but it is within living memory of a number of people that “service” was part of the equation, whether it be as simple as cleaning the windshield or replacing a worn tire.

The station still located on the corner of Xenia Avenue and Glen Street was a full-service station as late as the 1960s.

Photo courtesy of Antiochiana

Photo courtesy of Antiochiana

Ad from 1969 Yellow Springs High School yearbook

Ad from 1969 Yellow Springs High School yearbook

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Politics, Previously

GOP-DemFor this coming year politics will be close to inescapable, so it might be of interest to compare political activity in the past, as detailed in the October 4, 1956, Centennial issue of the Yellow Springs News, under the headline , “Old Boys Really Whooped It Up at Presidential Election” (punctuation has been left as originally reproduced):

Politics back in the early days of Yellow Springs was about as rowdy as a party nominating convention nowadays. The election of Republican James Garfield as president in 1880 was cause for a good deal of old-fashioned whooping-it-up.

In a personal view of the election proceedings, the Yellow Springs NEWS of Nov. 6, 1880, four days after election, reported that “Gant was there; he kept up a continuous shout all the evening. He said ‘this Republican religion is pretty near as good as the old kind. . .the world is going for Garfield.’

“At the corner of Xenia Avenue and Corry Street,” the items reported, “a bright bonfire was had” to warm the celebrating party stalwarts.

In a full story of the election—complete with multi-lined heads—the News detailed the election activity:


Yellow Springs to the Front

How the News Was Received


A “Stunner”. Then a “Change”


And Then a Solid Democratic-Republican Phalanx


Immense Fun and Everybody Happy!

“The present week has been a most exciting one indeed. Monday was chiefly spent in getting ready for the morrow. The “still hunt” went on all day. The wavering were visited; the wounded were healed; the blind were made to see, and the lame to walk. In the evening the caucuses were held and the final arrangements were made. Tuesday came, bright and beautiful, and all said: “This is a good day for the Republicans.”

“During the day nothing was done but vote and to keep the “ballot” pure—there being a few challenges made and perhaps one illegal vote cast. The votes being counted, we repaired to the telegraph office. All was silent as a graveyard, for a full hour.

“At last the lightning was let on and the thundering began. Now and then a joke was cracked and a telegram received. Anxiety was seen in the face of every one. But now they come. Republican’s faces become effulgent, and Democratic faces correspondently clouded. Republicans become jubilant, and Democrats despondent. After a time the Republicans got a stumper: “New York City, Democratic gain 56,000!” Dakin said: “My God!” John Dodds worked at his table intently posting up the books for the day. Sam, said: “By George that settles New York!” Dillman, said: “My Lord, that can’t be!” “Lip,” got pale because all the rest did. At last some one said: “Ask about that dispatch?” Sam did so, and Oh, what a change. “New York City, Democratic majority 56,000!” Sam said: “By George, that’s it!” Dillman, said: “majority”—light came; not “gain,” but “majority.” That was comforting to the Republicans, for they expected the city to send up a majority of 75,000 for the Democrats, but not a gain of one, much less 56,000. This was the only real scare the Republicans got during the evening.

“This was what went on the depot, Headquarters were up at J. H. Little’s office—Dakin and “Lip” carried the dispatches. At headquarters they had fun, too.

“Gant was there; so was Dave Wilson. Gant kept up a continuous shout all the evening. He said “this Republican religion is pretty near as good as the old kind.” Then said: the world is going for Garfield.” Dave Wilson, went home to dream of his “POSTMASTERSHIP.” At 2 A.M. we all went home.

“Wednesday morning came, bringing joy to the Republicans. At 10 A.M., a procession was formed on Dayton Avenue. John Allen, had old “Ball,” arrayed in mourning, a picture of Garfield on each side. In the wagon on the seat by his side was Dan Taylor. Sitting on the wagon behind were two “stalwarts,” too tedious to mention. Next came the band; next foot-men; then wagons. Thus they marched through the principal street of the village. Returning whence they started, when Mr. John C. Allen made the most labored speech of his life save when he popped the question.

“There was then a rest until Friday evening when another jollification broke out. At the corner of Xenia Avenue and Corry street a bright bonfire was had, ten barrels being lashed together set on end and filled and surrounded with bark and other barrels and boxes, &c. All the business houses were brilliantly illuminated and Mr. Hawkin’s dwelling, also, was especially attractive. The band came out and lent cheer to the occasion, and a jolly time was had. Thus ended the campaign at Yellow Springs.”


Political cartoon of the Garfield era, captioned on the left, “He carries his party,” and on the right, “His party carries him.”

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From the Antioch Bookplate Archives — 1930s/1940s part 17

The survey of bookplate designed in the 1930s and 1940s is almost complete, and this batch includes several designs geared towards professions

D-8 features the Hippocratic Oath and was drawn by Robert Whitmore.

F-657 does not have any documented artist, but the monogram at the lower right indicates that the artist might have been Virginia Phillips.

D-15 (also F-664) features the insignia of the dentistry profession and was also drawn by Robert Whitmore.

F-680 was intended for engineers. “P.I.” refers to “position of instrument.” There was a note by Ernest Morgan concerning this design: “See if Dave [Sallume] can remember who drew it. A customer of ours.”

Antioch bookplate D-8


Antioch design F-654


Antioch bookplate F-657


Antioch bookplate D-15 or F-664

D-15 or F-664

Antioch bookplate F-680


Antioch design F-681


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Ridg[e]way Pharmacy

Ridgway Pharmacy, from the glass-plate Kahoe collection

Ridgway Pharmacy, from the glass-plate Kahoe collection

The cold, blustery days of winter send a lot of people off to the drugstore for relief of symptoms and prescription refills, but before the time of World War I village residents would have had to go to the other end of Xenia Avenue, roughly where The Winds Wine Cellar is now located.

The Ridgway Pharmacy was owned operated for about 50 years by Charles Ridgway (or Ridgeway — “Ridgway” was used on the pharmacy sign and headstones in the cemetery, but “Ridgeway” shows up in newspaper reports and other documentation), son of one of Antioch College’s early supporters, and politically active in Yellow Springs, having served on both the school board and village council for a number of years and having been elected mayor (which position he still served at the time of his death at the age of 74 in 1911.

Ridgway Pharmacy, photo courtesy of Antiochiana

Ridgway Pharmacy, photo courtesy of Antiochiana

The pharmacy was destroyed by fire in 1896, as detailed with great indignation in the Springfield Sun article of January 6, 1896 (preserved in digital form by the Miami Township Fire and Rescue as an object lesson about the dangers of discounting the importance of “fire apparatus”).

Both of Ridgway’s sons became pharmacists, but with rather different career paths.

Benjamin Ridgeway has a mention in the 1890 Portrait and Biographical Album of Greene and Clark Counties, Ohio, published by Chapman Brothers in Chicago, in which his drugstore in Cedarville is described as having “one of the finest soda fountains in the county.”

The other son, Charles, ran into legal difficulties in July of 1908, when his Cedarville drugstore (did he take over Benjamin’s, or did he have a separate one?) was raided for illegal alcohol distribution (“’Blind Tiger’* in Cedarville Raided. Officers Search Charles Ridgeway’s Drug Store and Find Wagon Load of Booze” — Xenia Daily Gazette, July 16, 1908). The Gazette also reported in September of 1929 that a certain Charles Ridgeway, who had moved from Cedarville to Xenia in 1927, and had operated drugstores in Cincinnati, Springfield and Dayton as well as Cedarville was sentenced to two years in federal prison on narcotics charges. Was this also the Yellow Springs’ mayor’s son?

*a “Blind Tiger” was a term for a speakasy

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Looking Back at Center Stage 1999-2003

YSCSLogo-CollageThis final installment of the seasons of Yellow Springs Center Stage shows the continued pattern of musicals, dramas, comedies, and guest productions before the doors were closed and the contents of the theater sold off.

The Yellow Springs Arts Council is hosting a special program, “Remembering Center Stage,”  in their History of Arts in Yellow Springs annual series on Friday, January 15, between 6:00 and 9:00 pm at Antioch University Midwest.

The Crucible

The Crucible

Winter 1999 — by Arthur Miller, [production cancelled]

Once on This Island

Once on This Island

April 8-11 and 15-18, 1999 — a production of Yellow Springs High School by Lynn Ahern and Stephen Flaherty, directed by Marcia C. Nowik

Driving Miss Daisy

Driving Miss Daisy

May 21-23 and 28-29, 1999  — by Alfred Uhry, directed by Jan Thomas

Really Rosie

Really Rosie

August 5-8 and 12-15, 1999 — by Maurice Sendak and Carole King, directed by Ara Beal

A Piece of My Heart

A Piece of My Heart

November 18-21, 1999 — a production of Yellow Springs High School by Shirley Lauro, directed by Marcia C. Nowik

Captive Heart

Captive Heart

November 23, 1999 — a production of Mad River Theater Works

An O. Henry Christmas

An O. Henry Christmas

December, 1999 — [production cancelled]

The Woolgatherer

The Woolgatherer

April 8-9 and 15-16, 2000 — by William Mastrosimone, directed by Jene Shaw

Last of the Red Hot Lovers

Last of the Red Hot Lovers

August 4-6 and 11-13, 2000 — by Neil Simon, directed by Grimace Boyer

Wings of Courage

Wings of Courage

Fall, 2000 — a production of Mad River Theater Works



September 22-24, 28-29 and October 1, 2000 — by Jean Racine (translated by Robert Lowell), directed by Grimace Boyer

'night Mother

‘night Mother

October 27-29 and November 3-5, 2000 — by Marsha Norman, directed by Barbara McQuiston

The Best Christmas Pageant Ever!!!

The Best Christmas Pageant Ever!!!

December 1-3, 8-10 and 15-17, 2000 — by Barbara Robinson, directed by Ed and Amy Knapp

A Sweetheart Show

A Sweetheart Show

February 9-12 and 16-18, 2001 — an original musical by The Spryliters, directed by Jerry Boswell

A Shakespearean Sampler

A Shakespearean Sampler

Shakespeare_01June 23, 2001 — by the James Rose Puppet Theater


Julia Marlowe

Julia Marlowe

July 11, 2001 — An Antioch Writers Workshop production by Jerry Holt


Mae West and Ten Good Men

Mae West and Ten Good Men

August 31, September 1-2 and 7-9, 2001 — an original musical by Jerry Boswell, directed by Jerry Boswell


Lend Me a Tenor

Lend Me a Tenor

October 25-28 and November 1-4, 2001 — a production of The Yellow Springs Thespian Troupe #4671 and the Yellow Springs High School Drama Club by Ken Ludwig, directed by Marcia C. Nowik


The Best Christmas Pageant Ever!!! [REVIVAL]

The Best Christmas Pageant Ever!!! [REVIVAL]

December 1-2, 7-9 and 14-16, 2001 — by Barbara Robinson, directed by Amy Knapp


Veronica's Room

Veronica’s Room

February 8-10 and 15-17, 2002 — a production of Miami Montage Theater Company, by Ira Levin, directed by Eric Brockman


Androcles and the Lion

Androcles and the Lion

And-LionAugust 16-18 and 23-25, 2002 — by George Bernard Shaw, directed by Ara C. Beal


The "King"  and I—Memories of Elvis

The “King” and I—Memories of Elvis

December 6-8, 2002 — a production of Purrfect Choice Entertainment by Matt Higle and Elda Ash


The Cricket in Times Square

The Cricket in Times Square

July 10-13, 2003 — a Yellow Springs Kids Playhouse production by Tony Dallas (based on a book by George Selden), directed by Tony Dallas


August 3, 2003 — The Yellow Springs Center Stage Board votes to relinquish occupancy and sell off assets.
















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Winter View 1890

Courtesy of Dave Neuhardt, here is a postcard view of Xenia Avenue in 1890, vastly different from what one sees now. The fence at the right outlines the property where now the new hotel will soon open. The building on the left is “Little Antioch”, built by William Mills as a school (more views of Little Antioch from the Antiochiana archives can be seen here).

According to Neuhardt, ” On the back is written ‘Christmas of 1890. By O. P. Miller’—I’m guessing O.P. is a relative—perhaps a child?—of J. Peery Miller, the Antioch professor. ”

view of Xenia Ave. in 1890

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Long Before Facebook

The October 10, 1956,  Centennial issue of the Yellow Springs News contained a an article about a very early “social network” in Yellow Springs. Some of the network members names will be familiar from previous posts.

No Radio or TV — So They Rigged Up Private Telegraph

4268577Before the days of ham radio there was ham telegraphy. At least, in Yellow Springs.

Nights were long, cold an dull before the days of radio, television and radiant heating. Yellow Springs young men needed some form of amusement.

Thus, says C. H. (Herb) Ellis, long-time village resident and public servant, was born a private telegraph line which ran for about a year in the late 1880’s.

The line went from the old Carr Nursery office to the homes of Charlie Carr, Joe Dale, Denman Duncan, Daniel and Scott Little (in the south dorm at Antioch), Guy, Leslie and Arthur Humphreys, Walter Jobe, Hugh Carr, Milton Shaw and Matt Rahn, as well as Ellis.

According to Ellis, the Little brothers’ father supplied the wires for the venture, with Matt Rahn, a student telegrapher, cueing the lads in on telegraphic procedure.

More than anything else, Herb commented, it helped while away the televisionless hours.

Milton Shaw, who still has the two instruments he used on the old circuit, points out that there’s still a fascination about telegraphy. His son-in-law and grandson, William and David Marshall, spent much of the summer “learning the key” in preparation for becoming “ham” radio operators.

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