Disctinctive Entryway

Another photo from the Kahoe glass plate negative collection with the anonymous label of “House.” The entryway is probably the most distinctive feature.

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CCC Camp – the Serious and the Silly – November 1934

Excerpts from the camp newsletter The Hooey:


This subject may not sound interesting at first glance, but is really a subject of great importance to the future of the nation. It explains the reason for the change in our climate from a humid, to a dry climate, and such phenomenon as the great dust storms of last summer. Mr. Winters heard a recent address by David C. Warner, Executive Secretary of the Ohio Water Conservation Board, and recorded some of the high points in his talk.

Mr. Warner has been working on this subject for thirty years, and recently has seen some of his ideas worked out. Many streams with considerable fall per mile, which have formerly been used for power, are now unused and the land drained. He tried to get a law passed to permit the use of land that would be inundated by a power dam in one county. It was found to be unconstitutional. At the Ohio Constitutional Convention of 1912, an amendment to the constitution, which would permit this, was introduced, and was ratified in 1914. This “Conservancy” law passed in 1914 permits such conservancy work as that in the Miami and Muskingum Valleys.

The reason that many camps have to haul their water some distance is because of the destruction of natural conditions in which our forefathers had a sufficient supply of water from springs.

The whole reason for drought in Ohio is because of the drainage of all the water areas, which cuts down on surface evaporation, this being necessary for the formation of rain clouds, and resulting in a dry climate when we did have a humid climate. Ohio has done too much in the way of drainage, but if dams were put across those drainage ditches, it could be turned into an irrigation system. At the present time FERA labor will be furnished to any public or private interest that will supply a location for a dam.

The recent dust storm that traveled from the middle west to the Atlantic Ocean and carried in it tons of soil could have been avoided by a program of water conservation.

Here is a common sense explanation of the change in our climate, no snows in the winter, dry summers and poor crops. Many of the CCC camps, especially in southeastern Ohio are planting trees and building dams to conserve water.


A man about the size of a women, bare-footed with a pair wooden shoes, pink eyes, and sunset colored hair, the latter cut curly and the former cut darker. He wore a corned beef overcoat with a sour-kraut lining and an empty sack on his back containing a barrel of sky-lights and one dozen assorted R. R. tics. When last seen, he was following the crowd to the fairgrounds.

We’ll just wager that the rookies are all wondering what is in the large bundle that Gordon takes to his girl friend’s house every wash-day.

A certain rookie by the name of Pete Sovinsky is said to have spent quite a bit of money on a certain girl back home. He was very much bereaved when she would not succumb to his wiles because of his innocence.

We wonder what Gordon would do if Kukuch and one-lung didn’t save his place for him in the mess hall every day.

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Mann Monument

Unfortunately, this glass plate negative from the Kahoe collection contains a couple of cracks.

The statue of Horace Mann has been removed from its lonely splendor close to the School Forest and may soon join this on-campus commemoration in some fashion (Antioch College will be fundraising for this project on Giving Tuesday this coming week). Note Horace Mann House in the background.

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Things That Happened around Thanksgiving in YS

The Yellow Springs Historical Society wishes all a happy Thanksgiving.

Items from issues of the Xenia Daily Gazette:

04 Dec 1895

A dispatch to the Cincinnati Tribune from Springfield has this piece of news, which, if true, will be read with pleasure by many friends of the family named: “Yellow Springs is alive with gossip over a reconciliation that is of deep interest in Cincinnati. Several years ago ex-Mayor Means of Cincinnati, who has a palatial home at Yellow Springs, and his wife quarreled and parted. Mrs. Means with her daughters occupied the residence at that city, and he lived with his family in New York. A reconciliation was brought about by the prospective marriage soon of a daughter, and ex-Mayor Means and his wife have again joined fortunes, much to the delight of their many friends.”

19 Nov 1896

Judge Ingalls, who purchased the Yellow Springs House recently is busily engaged at work in making improvements which will make it a summer resort not to be excelled in this section. A fine lake for bass and trout is being constructed and will make fishing, when it is fully stocked up, that will make the heart of the angler glad. The old bowling alley will be changed, by tearing away the top story, and a stable constructed from it, while the lower story will be made into a dance hall and play room for children.

23 Nov 1896

Patrick Quinn, of Yellow Springs, who was convicted of drawing immoral pictures on the blackboard of a school house near that place, has had his sentence suspended on a promise of good behavior in the future. Quinn’s youth and previous good character, as attested by his teachers, caused the court to take such action.

24 Nove 1896

Yellow Springs Review:—While a number of workmen were engaged in moving the Bowling Alley on the Yellow Springs grounds up the incline, across the creek, yesterday afternoon, a defective hook on one of the pulleys, by means of which the building was being moved, suddenly gave way causing the building to slip back the incline, a distance of about eight feet. Mr. Thomas Fitzgerald, who was at the rear of the building on the southwest corner, blocking the rollers, in jumping from the wall from which the building was being moved, fell upon the pile of stone in his endeavor to get out of danger, breaking his left leg just above the ankle. He was carried to the hotel and a carriage summoned, when he was taken to his home on Xenia avenue. Dr. Marquart dressed the injured member and he is now doing as well as could be expected.

26 Nov 1896

The crowd of foot ball players from Springfield, who came down this morning had no end of sport over a wedding couple who boarded the train at Yellow Springs. The groom was a young man named Frank W. Hughes and the bride was a pretty little girl who before her marriage was Mattie Eleanora Halstead. Well, the boys entertained them with such songs as “Wedding Bells” and “There’s Only One Girl in this World for Me” until they were tired, and the happy couple heaved a long sigh and looked a bit relieved when the crowd left the train in this city.

28 Nov 1896

Judge Ingalls, of the Yellow Springs House, will soon have his dam completed, and his pond full of fish. He will also have a pond expressly for trout. The Judge is sparing no expense in making this famous hotel one of the most attractive places n the country. The hotel is open year around for guests.

24 Nov 1897

A barn on Dr. Baldwin’s place, at Yellow Springs, burned last night. It was located just at the edge of the village, on what is known as the “polecat” road. All the live stock was taken out, but some implements were destroyed. The loss is covered by insurance to the amount of $500, with Lawrence Vail, of this city.

03 Dec 1906


Yellow Springs News:—On her trip to Niagara Falls, this summer, in going from Buffalo to Detroit, on the steamer “Western States,” Mrs. Annie B. Fowler, nee Mrs. Annie Barley, of this place, cast overboard, after they ran out of sight of land, a bottle containing a letter, giving date, and stating where and when it was “consigned to the waves” and asking the finder to return it to her telling where and when it was found.

The letter was recently returned to Mrs. Fowler, having been found by Mr. Benjamin Sider, two miles from Fort Colbern, west on the Canadian side.

Mrs. Fowler prizes the letter that reached her after its voyage on the turbulent waves of old Erie and has placed it in her scrap book as a memento of her trip. Her niece, Miss Mable Mitman, of Dayton, Ohio, and friend Miss Ida Ault, of Union City, Ind., who were with her threw a bottle over board also, but they have not heard from theirs yet.

24 Nov 1914

Antioch College went to Tiffin to-day, where it meets Heidelberg College on the football arena. Antioch will play Wittenberg college at Yellow Springs on Thanksgiving day.

07 Dec 1916

The Yellow Springs Gymnasium class will have their minstrel Tuesday evening, Jan. 2nd, in the opera house. The Girls’ Minstrel last year was quite a success in every way and this entertainment promises to be as good, if not better, than last year. There will be an entirely different stage setting from anything that has been seen in this town. The songs are all catchy and the jokes new and spicey, especially the local jokes. Don’t forget the date, Jan 2nd,

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Thoughtful Medical Services

The following article from the October 18 issue of the Yellow Springs News was found among the papers collected by Mary. E. Morgan.


The Y. S. Clinic and Other Services

Sixth of a series of articles by Clarence Leuba describing how Arthur E. Morgan and his associates originated and developed educational, scientific, industrial, civic and other enterprises in Yellow Springs.

Dr. P. B. Wingfield, one of the two founders of the Yellow Springs Clinic, came to Antioch in 1929 as college physician and part-time member of the Fels staff. He had visited the college in answer to an advertisement in a medical journal, and he had found Arthur Morgan inspiring and the general setting attractive. Already in the 1930’s, however, he realized that in an era of increasing medical specialization and of laboratories and complex equipment, it was not possible for a physician by himself, in an isolated rural setting, to give adequate medical services. He would either have to transfer his patients to the more up-to-date and complex medical services afforded by nearby cities — not financially possible for many people in pre-medical insurance days — or he would have to establish a well equipped fully staffed clinic in Yellow Springs. He chose te latter alternative. It was in harmony with Arthur Morgan’s emphasis on making a small community as self-sufficient as possible and on furnishing varied and interesting job opportunities.

He discussed his plan with the young surgeon, Camille Menino, and together they decided to make a start (1944). Menino, as an Antioch student, had been his laboratory technician during co-op job periods at the college infirmary. The two of them were soon joined by the Yellow Springs physician, Dr. David Taylor, when the latter returned from service in World War II. Then the slow process continued of adding one specialist after another to furnish more and more comprehensive services. The best aspects of a small town atmosphere were retained, however, as the members of the staff consulted with one another frequently in a friendly, informal atmosphere.

The Clinic moved from the college infirmary (1968) to the present large new building, also on Xenia Ave. This building, and its equipment, became possible only through the personal financial involvement of the physicians and through loans from the local bank. It is fully equipped with laboratories, X-ray equipment, and technicians as well as having a radiologist, internists, pediatricians, and surgeons; in all 11 physicians. In addition, Yellow Springs has been favorable to the establishment of first class dental, optometric, legal, insurance, and banking services.

Intead of Yellow Springs people having to go to neighboring cities, many of the inhabitants of the latter come to Yellow Springs for professional services; the large majority of the Clinic’s clients are out-of-town people! Adding the clinic staffed by Doctors Berley and Hyde, it is possible that Yellow Springs now has more extensive medical facilities than almost any other town of its size. Certainly a mighty oak has grown out of the little original Antioch infirmary housed in an old dwelling.

Arthur Morgan helped to bring the right people here and to create the right atmosphere for them.

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Dinner Party

This photo from the Kahoe glass plate negative had “Banquet Bwesta Fess, Bessy Totten, B Dans?? Nosker” as an attached note.

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Yellow Springs as Tourist Destination

Unfortunately, this newspaper clipping contained neither the source nor the date. This earlier post and this contain descriptions of tourist activity.

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Memento Mori

This photo from the Kahoe glass plate negative collection was labelled merely “corpse.” Although the plate was damaged, one can still make out details of the furnishings. At this time the deceased may still have been viewed at home, rather than a funeral parlor. (The funeral parlor business began in the 1850s.)

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J Peery Miller Memoirs — Part 38

At home on Xenia Avenue...

Our small cottage of rooms was cosy and well kept. My wife was adept in arranging furniture and wall decorations. Under her gifted directions neatness and beauty of design prevailed both indoors and out. Her love of flowers and skill in throwing them an inspiration to all of us. Our front yard in the summer was one of the attractive features of the neighborhood, admired by all lovers of the beautiful. A spacious bay window off the dining room, facing the south, was built with necessary shelves and draining facilities for keeping a large supply of pot plants through the winter, care being taken to select blooming varieties in order that their fragrance might contribute to our pleasure in winter as well as summer. Thus our home was made beautiful and enjoyable by the aesthetic taste and energy of the mother, the highest and best that is sacred in memory.

The cottage (from the Della Miller memoirs

A well cultivated garden supplied our needs with vegetables. We also had apples, peaches, pears, grapes, plums and berries of all kinds in season. Here was plenty of work for a man trained to apply his mind to a variety of occupations. I planted and cultivated during the mornings and evenings before and after school hours. Saturdays were always reserved for extra long shifts. Sometimes I was aided by a boy if one could be secured that was competent and willing to work. It was my policy, however, not to hire any one to do work that I could possibly do myself.

The school vacations were an opportunity to do much needed carpenter work on the buildings. The old worn out floors were replaced with new hard pine flooring, the windows newly cased, a,chimney mantel of my own design and workmanship ornamented a space that needed to be utilized, etc. Wherever paint or varnish was needed, P wielded the brush.

As our family increased an extra room for a kitchen was necessary. The building of this addition to our home I assigned to myself during the long summer vacation. To facilitate the work I employed a carpenter for a few days to assist in laying the foundation and putting up the frame. I then finished the rest of the carpenter work myself, doing a very satisfactory piece of work – at least so according to my judgment. Of course, I had to let out the job of brick-laying and plastering, – trades that do not well combine with school teaching.

We kept a horse and carriage, both of which must be well housed when not in use. The building of a larger and better building for this purpose occupied my time during another summer vacation . So the time passed during the time of my country school teaching.

House plan (taken from the Della Miller memoirs)

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Patriotic Women

The note attached to this photo from the Kahoe glass plate negative collection reads, “DAR Susanna Dobbs Bob Maddo mother Burch Wolford.”

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